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D BON-22-02: Develop the next level of detail for the Global Biodiversity Observation System (GBiOS) concept so that implementation approaches can be explored.
Develop the next level of detail for the Global Biodiversity Observation System (GBiOS) concept so that implementation approaches can be explored.
Creation Year:
Completion Date:
2023 Q4 (387 days remaining)

The need for some sort of global biodiversity observation system has been raised for several years by a variety of stakeholders. Recently, GEO BON has developed an initial, top-level concept for such a system, now called GBiOS. In June 2022 a workshop at the World Biodiversity Forum in Davos, Switzerland discussed this top-level concept and led to agreement among the 40-plus participants that the basic concept was sound (cf BON-21-02). With this in mind, GEO BON’s 2022-2026 Strategic Plan that is now under development has identified GBiOS as a major thrust area for what is informally being called GEO BON Phase 3. GBiOS builds upon GEO BON’s Biodiversity Observation Networks (BONs) and Essential Biodiversity Variables (EBVs) and both are needed for a successful GBiOS.

The next step for GBiOS is to further engage with key stakeholders to add an additional level of detail, enabling the exploration of implementation approaches. Follow-on workshops to the one in Davos will be planned, though the timeline and nature of these will depend upon funding and human resources.

The UN Convention on Biological Diversity is developing their plan for the next decade and forward to 2050 called the Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF). The GBF includes a “Monitoring Framework”, outlining indicators that Parties can track over time. Because satellite remote sensing (SRS) is regular, periodic, and nearly global (as well as often available at no cost) it perfectly complements in situ observations which, though absolutely essential, tend to be spatially and temporally sparse and relatively expensive. Consequently, SRS will have an essential role in the GBF and to Parties, and thus in GBiOS. One variable that demonstrates this essential role is Ecosystem Extent, a key CBD indicator for GBF Goal A and one that is highly dependent on the SRS that typically provides the core observational input. However, SRS plays a very important role in other indicators as well, including species distribution and ecosystem condition and integrity, which are also called out in Goal A. Finally, CBD is not the only important stakeholder for these variables—for example, they are also central to the UN System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA) for the ecosystem accounts.

Link to GEO Work Programme:
External Reference:
Responsible Users:
Gary Geller
Responsible CEOS Entities:
Contributing Agencies:
Progress Reports:
2022-09-07 06:31:24 UTC
Last Updated:
2022-09-07 06:33:07 UTC